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Monthly Archives: May 2017

Types of Modern Kayak

1. Sea kayak : these are designed to accommodate one or two paddlers. These are more maneuverable and have extreme stability and cargo capacity. Sea kayak has further subtypes that include:

– Strip-built- that is more close to rigid fiberglass boat but very light in comparison to it.

– Sit-on-top- these are used for fishing, diving and can usually accommodate 1-2 but also come have models that can accommodate 3-4 people. Normally, the seat of this kayak is above the water level, so the center of gravity is higher. In order to compensate, the width is increased for the same length of a traditional kayak.

2. Skin-on-frame- the design, technique, material and construction of these kayaks is more similar to traditional kayaks. These are the lightest among all and are being used in Greenland by Inuit people for hunting.

3. Recreational – these are built for paddlers interested in photography, a peaceful paddle in a lake, or fishing. These have larger cockpit and wider beam for stability reasons. The capacity of cargo is limited, and the length is less than 12 feet.

4. Whitewater kayak : are highly maneuverable and are made of rigid material like polyethylene. The length of these kayaks is small (6-10 feet) in comparison to others. Small boats are maneuverable but slow. Whitewater kayaks do not require inherent speed, as they move down with the current. In kayak rodeo competition, whitewater paddlers use rapids features to do tricks while they are in one place on the river.

5. Surf kayak : also known as surf skis, are narrow and long kayaks for surf zone rescue and surf breaking waves. Surf kayaking uses kayaks similar to whitewater kayak design. The only difference is that they have a planing hull. Surf kayaks can be 12 feet long to increase the planing speed on wave and to have good paddling speed for catching waves. A variation to closed cockpit surf kayak design is open cockpit (Waveski) design.

6. Racing kayak : these are designed for speed. To achieve stability, the paddler requires subsatntial skill, as the hull is extremely narrow. These kayaks have subtypes of flat water and slalom kayak.

7. Multi type kayaks : these include inflatable and pedal kayaks.

– Inflatable kayak-these can be easily stored and transported. They are made of polyurethane, PVC, or hypalon. You can inflate them with hand, foot, or electric pump. They are highly portable, stable, easy to master, and are slower than traditional boats.

– Pedal kayak- is a special type of boat using pedals allowing the paddler to propel the vessel with underwater flippers instead of a paddle.


What Does River Rafting Classification Mean?

If you have heard a few times about the classification of the river rafting for different rivers and wondered what they were, here are a few explanations, which will be of help:

Class I – This indicates that the river does not have dangerous rapids and beginners may venture on it with confidence. If you are a beginner and/or are not very familiar with the waters try a river rafting adventure on this type of river at first.

Class II – This classification indicates some fast rapids and channels which will require basic skill to be able to sail through them safely; only pick a river rafting adventure through these waters after you have practiced a few times in Class I waters.

Class III – This classification indicates some difficult currents and white waters through which one will not make it easily without previous experience in such waters. If you have never been through a Class III river rafting and still would like to try it out, do not proceed without an experienced guide.

Class IV – When rafting is given this classifications waters are expected to have both high torrents and relaxing stretches, which will require some expertise to handle successfully. Choose a river rafting adventure in these waters only if you have previous rafting experience.

Class V – The Class V river rafting waters are to be tackled only by an expert in river rafting; the currents will be high as well as the difficult to maneuver through the channels. This type of river rafting adventure will provide a thrilling experience.

Class VI – These types of waters are only advised for the masters in rafting and those who are addicted to real life thrills. The waters are dangerous and will not forgive anyone who makes the slightest mistake.

A river rafting adventure can be as fun or as relaxing as you choose – start slow and you will get to the high, dangerous waters in no time; rafting is addictive of that I am positive, the more you practice the more you want.

Guide to Build a Raft

# First, a location has to be chosen for building where there is calm water suitable enough for launching a raft. A miniature continental shelf will be ideal and once finished it will be easier to board the raft.

# Plenty of suitable logs have to be gathered. They should be a size of nearly 8 feet depending on the weight of boarding persons and the supplies. Two slightly curved ones which will act as stabilizers are also needed.

# After gathering the logs, several strong sticks are required. Ropes are not needed for holding it all together because the sticks are to be laid down crosswise to the logs. If they are laid perpendicularly to the logs, then it will be impossible to sit. Another stick has to be gathered which is longer and thicker than the rest for using it as a paddle.

# Everything has to be put together now; logs should be arranged in a way so they will not roll out. The logs can be placed in the water for testing them. Two most unbalanced logs have to be found that will be used as crosspieces to hold the raft together.

The sticks have to be laid that were gathered perpendicular to the logs. A perfect point of balance has to be found out so one stick can be tried to place by putting the weight on it. If the logs are not pushed down evenly, then correct the stick’s location until the best one is found. Once it is located, the rest of the sticks have to be laid down on either side of the first.

# Finally, it is ready. Stand above the raft with a leg on either side and slowly sit until most of your weight is on the raft. The paddle should be made ready. If the raft is balanced, pull your legs up and get comfortable. Slowly push it off from the shore.